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Transfusion. 2006 May;46(5):766-72.

The RHCE allele ceSL: the second example for D antigen expression without D-specific amino acids.

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1
Department of Transfusion Medicine, University Hospital, Ulm, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The example of ceRT proved that the expression of some D epitopes does not require D-specific amino acids. This allele denoted as RHce(R154T) caused the "false-positive" reactions that were observed in ccddee blood donors who typed positive for the D antigen with some monoclonal anti-D. No other example exposing a similar molecular mechanism was known.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Eleven donor and 1 patient ccddee samples were collected in Switzerland that typed "false-positive" with some monoclonal anti-D in bromelain technique. Their RHCE alleles were determined by nucleotide sequencing from genomic DNA and by a polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific priming. The D epitope profile was compared to ceRT. The population frequencies were estimated in Switzerland and Germany by serology or at the molecular level, respectively.

RESULTS:

The "false-positive" reactions were caused by the RHCE allele RHce(S122L) occurring in the cde haplotype. Its ceSL phenotype expressed few D epitopes that belonged to the D epitope 6 group. The frequency of ceSL among D- donors was about 1:675 in the region of Bern, Switzerland. No ceSL donors were found elsewhere in Switzerland or in southwestern Germany.

CONCLUSION:

ceSL represented the second molecular mechanism for D antigen expression without any D-specific amino acids. ceSL and ceRT were useful to delineate the molecular mechanisms of D expression by RhCE proteins carrying amino acids not representative for the RhD proteins. The ceSL population frequencies differed significantly among three Swiss and German populations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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