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Curr Med Res Opin. 2006 Apr;22(4):793-8.

Therapeutic angiogenesis by bone marrow implantation for critical hand ischemia in patients with peripheral arterial disease: a pilot study.

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Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.



Implantation of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs), including endothelial progenitor cells, into ischemic lower limbs has been shown to improve symptoms in patients with peripheral arterial diseases (PAD). This study investigated whether BM-MNC implantation (BMI) is also effective for the ischemic hands of these patients.


Seven PAD patients with hand ischemia were enrolled: six patients had thromboangiitis obliterans and one had collagen disease. All seven had symptoms involving either resting pain or non-healing ischemic ulcers of the hand. Approximately 600 mL of MNCs were separated from BM and concentrated to a final volume of 40-50 mL, which were injected into ischemic hands. Ischemic status was evaluated by measuring the digital/brachial pressure index (DBI), visual analog pain scale, and the healing of ulcers before and 6 months after BMI.


The mean number of implanted MNCs, CD34-positive cells, and CD34,133-positive cells was 3.67 +/- 0.53 x 10(9), 4.94 +/- 2.45 x 10(7), and 2.52 +/- 1.57 x 10(7), respectively. Mean DBI in those patients was 0.15 +/- 0.30 before BMI and significantly increased to 0.67 +/- 0.19 at 6 months after BMI (p = 0.004). All patients also showed improvement of pain scale and ischemic ulcers. There was no significant correlation between the number of implanted cells and improvement in the degree of DBI or the pain scale.


Autologous BMI could be a promising and safe method of therapeutic angiogenesis for critical hand ischemia in PAD patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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