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Public Health Nurs. 2006 May-Jun;23(3):234-41.

Evaluation of a community-based outreach worker program for children with asthma.

Author information

1
Tacoma Nursing Program, University of Washington, Tacoma, Washington 98402, USA. jprimomo@u.washington.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

An asthma outreach worker (AOW) can provide home-based education about asthma management and methods to minimize home environmental asthma triggers. A theory-based AOW program was implemented by a community partnership and its effectiveness was evaluated.

DESIGN:

Baseline and follow-up surveys were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the AOW.

SAMPLE:

The convenience sample consisted of 60 caregivers whose children received AOW services.

MEASURES:

Quality of life, use of asthma management plans, medication use, health care utilization, home environmental behavior changes to reduce triggers, and satisfaction with AOW services were self-reported by caregivers.

RESULTS:

Caregivers reported significantly higher quality of life at follow-up than at baseline. At follow-up, 93% of the children had asthma management plans as compared with 31% at baseline. Self-reported hospitalizations were significantly reduced. All of the families made changes to minimize household asthma triggers. Caregivers reported high satisfaction with the AOW and 90% of them felt that the home environmental assessment conducted by the AOW helped improve their child's asthma.

CONCLUSION:

Short-term community-based AOW services for children can be effective in enhancing self-management capabilities, improving the quality of life, increasing the use of asthma management plans, and helping families reduce asthma triggers in the home environment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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