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J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2006 Apr;27(2):98-105.

Self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and diabetes self-management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

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1
Prevention Research Branch, Division of Statistics, Epidemiology and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. iannottr@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

The goal of this research was to develop and evaluate measures of adolescent diabetes management self-efficacy and outcome expectations that reflect developmentally relevant, situation-specific challenges to current diabetes regimens. Self-efficacy for diabetes management, expected outcomes of adherence, adherence to the diabetes regimen, and glycemic control were assessed in 168 adolescents (ages 10-16 years) with type 1 diabetes. Factor analyses indicated a single scale for self-efficacy and two distinct factors representing positive and negative outcome expectations. Reliability and predictive validity of the new scales were supported. In regression analyses, self-efficacy and the interaction of self-efficacy with expectations of positive outcomes were significantly associated with diabetes self-management adherence and glycemic control in older adolescents. The effect of self-efficacy was greatest when adolescents had stronger beliefs in the beneficial outcomes of adherence. These brief measures can be used to identify youths at risk of poor diabetes self-management. Interventions targeting self-efficacy may lead to improved diabetes self-management.

PMID:
16682872
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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