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J Biol Chem. 2006 Jul 21;281(29):20349-56. Epub 2006 May 8.

Orchiectomy attenuates post-ischemic oxidative stress and ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice. A role for manganese superoxide dismutase.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

Males are much more susceptible to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced kidney injury when compared with females. Recently we reported that the presence of testosterone, rather than the absence of estrogen, plays a critical role in gender differences in kidney susceptibility to I/R injury in mice. Although reactive oxygen species and antioxidant defenses have been implicated in I/R injury, their roles remain to be defined. Here we report that the orchiectomized animal had significantly less lipid peroxidation and lower hydrogen peroxide levels in the kidney 4 and 24 h after 30 min of bilateral renal ischemia when compared with intact or dihydrotestosterone-treated orchiectomized males. The post-ischemic kidney expression and activity of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in orchiectomized mice was much greater than in intact or dihydrotestosterone-administered orchiectomized mice. Four hours after 30 min of bilateral ischemia, superoxide formation was significantly lower in orchiectomized mice than in intact mice. In Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, a kidney epithelial cell line, 1 mm H(2)O(2) decreased MnSOD activity, an effect that was potentiated by pretreatment with dihydrotestosterone. Orchiectomy prevented the post-ischemic decrease of catalase activity. Treatment of male mice with manganese(III) tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphyrin (MnTMPyP), a SOD mimetic, reduced the post-ischemic increase of plasma creatinine, lipid peroxidation, and tissue hydrogen peroxide. These results suggest that orchiectomy accelerates the post-ischemic activation of MnSOD and reduces reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation, resulting in reduced kidney susceptibility to I/R injury.

PMID:
16682413
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M512740200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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