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J Vet Med Sci. 2006 Apr;68(4):303-9.

Characterization of Cq3, a quantitative trait locus that controls plasma cholesterol and phospholipid levels in mice.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Immunology, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Japan.


Cq3 was identified in C57BL/6J (B6) x KK-Ay F2 mice as a quantitative trait locus (QTL) that controls plasma cholesterol and phospholipid levels, and normolipidemic B6 allele was associated with increased lipids. Cq3 was statistically significant in F2-a/a, but not in F2-Ay/a; probably because the Cq3 effect was obscured by introduction of the Ay allele, which in itself has a strong hyperlipidemic effect. Because the peak LOD score for Cq3 was identified near D3Mit102 (49.7 cM) on chromosome 3, linkage analyses with microsatellite markers located at 49.7 cM were performed in KK x RR F2, B6 x RR F2, and KK x CF1 F2. However, even a suggestive QTL was not identified in any of the three F2. By testing all pairs of marker loci, I found a significant interaction between Cq3 and the Apoa2 locus, and F2 mice with the Apoa2(KK)/Apoa2(KK); D3Mit102(B6)/D3Mit102(B6) genotype had significantly higher cholesterol levels than did F2 mice with other genotypes. The results showed that the ;round-robin' strategy was not always applicable to the search for QTL genes; probably because specific gene-to-gene interaction limited the validity of the strategy to the utmost extent.

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