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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Jun 23;345(1):210-5. Epub 2006 Apr 25.

Selective destabilization of soluble amyloid beta oligomers by divalent metal ions.

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1
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005, India.

Abstract

Aggregation of the amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide yields both fibrillar precipitates and soluble oligomers, and is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vitro, Cu(2+) and Zn(2+) strongly bind Abeta and promote its precipitation. However, less is known about their interactions with the soluble oligomers, which are thought to be the major toxic species responsible for AD. Using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy to resolve the various soluble species of Abeta, we show that low concentrations of Cu(2+) (1 microM) and Zn(2+) (4 microM) selectively eliminate the oligomeric population (within approximately 2h), while Mg(2+) displays a similar effect at a higher concentration (60 microM). This uncovers a new aspect of Abeta-metal ion interactions, as precipitation is not substantially altered at these low metal ion concentrations. Our results suggest that physiological concentrations of Cu(2+) and Zn(2+) can critically alter the stability of the toxic Abeta oligomers and can potentially control the course of neurodegeneration.

PMID:
16678130
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.04.056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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