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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Jun 23;345(1):169-74. Epub 2006 Apr 27.

Enzymatic properties of human CYP2W1 expressed in Escherichia coli.

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Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.


The human genome project revealed a new member of the P450 family 2, CYP2W1, which has orthologous form in other vertebrate species, suggesting CYP2W1's significant physiological function. Recently, it was reported that CYP2W1 can metabolize arachidonic acid. In this study, we isolated human CYP2W1 cDNA, and successfully expressed truncated CYP2W1 lacking N-terminal 20 amino acids in Escherichia coli cells. In the bicistronic expression system for human CYP2W1 and NADPH-P450 reductase, the formation of blue pigment, indigo, was observed in bacterial cultures. Based on this result, we revealed that CYP2W1 catalyzes the oxidation of indole. In addition, CYP2W1 showed monooxygenase activity towards 3-methylindole and chlorzoxazone. However, no activity was observed towards fatty acids including arachidonic acid. Further analysis using an E. coli expression system will reveal substrate specificity of CYP2W1 and why this P450 isoform is universally conserved in vertebrates.

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