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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2006 Jun;113(6):501-9.

Outcomes in adulthood for children with foetal growth retardation. A linkage study from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway.

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Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.



The aims were to examine the long-term functional outcome and risk of mood disorders in adulthood in individuals with foetal growth retardation.


In a prospective cohort study of 7806 individuals aged 20-30 years, using linked data from the Health Survey of Nord-Trøndelag (HUNT-2) and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, we studied the long-term effects of being born with a birth weight below the 10th percentile for gestational age (SGA).


SGA individuals had lower educational level (OR: 1.33), lower socioeconomic functioning level (OR: 1.77) and more frequent reported mood disorder in adulthood (OR: 1.26). Analyses of a substratum of infants born at term showed almost identical results.


Foetal growth retardation measured as SGA shows a moderate risk for lower education and socioeconomic level and for anxiety and/or depression in young adulthood. Issues concerning interventions for children at risk should be considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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