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J Biol Chem. 2006 Jul 14;281(28):19378-86. Epub 2006 May 4.

Nup214-Nup88 nucleoporin subcomplex is required for CRM1-mediated 60 S preribosomal nuclear export.

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  • 1Department of Tumor Biology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


The nuclear pore complex (NPC) conducts macromolecular transport to and from the nucleus and provides a kinetic/hydrophobic barrier composed of phenylalanine-glycine (FG) repeats. Nuclear transport is achieved through permeation of this barrier by transport receptors. The transport receptor CRM1 facilitates export of a large variety of cargoes. Export of the preribosomal 60 S subunit follows this pathway through the adaptor protein NMD3. Using RNA interference, we depleted two FG-containing cytoplasmically oriented NPC complexes, Nup214-Nup88 and Nup358, and investigated CRM1-mediated export. A dramatic defect in NMD3-mediated export of preribosomes was found in Nup214-Nup88-depleted cells, whereas only minor export defects were evident in other CRM1 cargoes or upon depletion of Nup358. We show that the large C-terminal FG domain of Nup214 is not accessible to freely diffusing molecules from the nucleus, indicating that it does not conduct 60 S preribosomes through the NPC. Consistently, derivatives of Nup214 lacking the FG-repeat domain rescued the 60 S export defect. We show that the coiled-coil region of Nup214 is sufficient for 60 S nuclear export, coinciding with recruitment of Nup88 to the NPC. Our data indicate that Nup214 plays independent roles in NPC function by participating in the kinetic/hydrophobic barrier through its FG-rich domain and by enabling NPC gating through association with Nup88.

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