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Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2006 Aug;64(1):115-26. Epub 2006 May 3.

Application of PVP/HPMC miscible blends with enhanced mucoadhesive properties for adjusting drug release in predictable pulsatile chronotherapeutics.

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Pharmathen S.A., Pharmaceutical Industry, Pallini Attikis, Attiki, Greece.


The aim of the present study was to prepare pulsatile release formulations consisting of two-layered tablets appropriate for preventing ischemic heart diseases. For this reason the active core was constituted by a FELO/PVP 10/90 w/w solid dispersion while for the adjustment of the drug release time the coating layer was composed of PVP/HPMC blends at different compositions, acting as a stimulus responsible layer. These blends as was found by DSC studies are miscible in the entire composition range, ensured by the interactions taking place between hydroxyl groups of HPMC and carbonyl groups of PVP. The miscibility of the system enhances the mucoadhesive properties of the blends, compared with those of pure HPMC, which is desired for such applications. The enhancement was attributed to the higher rate of wetting and flexibility of the new matrices due to the faster dissolution of the PVP macromolecules. Upon exposure of the prepared tablets to the release medium it was found that the coating layer disintegrates first, followed by the immediate release of FELO from the active core. The delaying time is based on a complicated mechanism, which is a combination of swelling and erosion of the PVP/HPMC polymer blends. Varying the PVP/HPMC blend ratios, the exact time that FELO is released during a daytime can be effectively adjusted and this ability is expressed mathematically by the equation t = 0.028 C1.5, where C is the concentration of HPMC in the blend.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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