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Eur J Oral Sci. 2006 May;114 Suppl 1:169-77; discussion 201-2, 381.

Transcription factor sumoylation and factor YY1 serve to modulate mouse amelogenin gene expression.

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1
Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.

Abstract

Amelogenin proteins are essential in the control of enamel biomineralization and the amelogenin gene therefore is spatiotemporally regulated to ensure proper amelogenin protein expression. In this study, we examined the role of sumoylation to alter CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) activity, and performed a search using a protein/DNA array system for other proteins that act co-operatively with C/EBPalpha to alter amelogenin expression. We observed that C/EBPalpha was modified by sumoylation, and that this modification played an indirect inhibitory role on the regulation of C/EBPalpha activity which appeared to act through other transcription factors. The protein/DNA array allowed us to single out the transcription factor, YY1, which acts in the absence of direct DNA binding to repress both the basal amelogenin promoter activity and C/EBPalpha-mediated transactivation. Taken together, these pathways may account for part of the physiological modulation of the amelogenin gene expression in accordance with tooth developmental and enamel biomineralization requirements.

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