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Kidney Int. 2006 Jun;69(12):2251-60. Epub 2006 May 3.

Minimal change nephrotic syndrome and classical Hodgkin's lymphoma: report of 21 cases and review of the literature.

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Department of Nephrology, Henri Mondor Hospital, Paris 12 University, Creteil, Paris, France.


Minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) is described as a paraneoplastic manifestation of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL). We reassessed the pathophysiological and clinical significance of this association. A retrospective study was performed to evaluate a cohort of adult patients who developed MCNS and cHL. Twenty-one patients recruited in 15 French centers were analyzed. cHL was associated with inflammatory and general symptoms in most cases. The morphological subtype was predominantly nodular sclerosis (71.4%). MCNS appeared before the diagnosis of lymphoma in eight patients (38.1%) and in this case, it was characterized by a nephrotic syndrome (NS) frequently resistant (50%) or dependent (12.5%) to steroid treatment. Interestingly, diagnosis (3-120 months after MCNS) and effective treatment of the hemopathy were associated with the disappearance of the MCNS. cHL was diagnosed before MCNS in nine patients (42.9%), and in this case, glomerulopathy was associated with cHL relapse in 55.5% of cases. In four patients (19%), the two diseases occurred simultaneously. Extensive immunohistochemical study of lymph nodes was performed in eight patients and did not reveal particular features. In conclusion, MCNS associated with cHL is frequently dependent or resistant to steroid regimen, but remission of NS is obtained with the cure of lymphoma.

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