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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 May 16;103(20):7906-10. Epub 2006 May 3.

Stabilization of cardiac ryanodine receptor prevents intracellular calcium leak and arrhythmias.

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Department of Physiology, Clyde and Helen Wu Center for Molecular Cardiology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.


Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a form of exercise-induced sudden cardiac death that has been linked to mutations in the cardiac Ca2+ release channel/ryanodine receptor (RyR2) located on the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). We have shown that catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia-linked RyR2 mutations significantly decrease the binding affinity for calstabin-2 (FKBP12.6), a subunit that stabilizes the closed state of the channel. We have proposed that RyR2-mediated diastolic SR Ca2+ leak triggers ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death. In calstabin-2-deficient mice, we have now documented diastolic SR Ca2+ leak, monophasic action potential alternans, and bidirectional VT. Calstabin-deficient cardiomyocytes exhibited SR Ca2+ leak-induced aberrant transient inward currents in diastole consistent with delayed after-depolarizations. The 1,4-benzothiazepine JTV519, which increases the binding affinity of calstabin-2 for RyR2, inhibited the diastolic SR Ca2+ leak, monophasic action potential alternans and triggered arrhythmias. Our data suggest that calstabin-2 deficiency is as a critical mediator of triggers that initiate cardiac arrhythmias.

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