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Theriogenology. 2006 Sep 15;66(5):1227-36. Epub 2006 May 2.

Effect of a long acting GnRH analogue or placebo on plasma LH/FSH, urethral pressure profiles and clinical signs of urinary incontinence due to Sphincter mechanism incompetence in bitches.

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Section of Small Animal Reproduction, Department of Reproduction, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.


In 23 bitches with urinary incontinence due to spaying, the effect of treatment with a long-acting formulation of leuprolide acetate on frequency of incontinence, plasma gonadotropin levels and urodynamic parameters was evaluated. In addition, the clinical effect was compared with that of treatment with alpha-adrenergics. Before treatment, the dogs' incontinent episodes occurred, on average, 4 times per day on up to 6 days per week. In the pre-trial after therapy with phenylpropanolamine (n=23) the episodes of incontinence decreased by 92%, in the double-blind study 5 weeks after GnRH-analogue (n=11) by 71%; and by 28% after the placebo (n=12). By the end of the study, nine of twenty-two leuprolide treated bitches responded completely to treatment and were continent for periods lasting 70-575 days after treatment. In another 10 dogs, response to therapy was partial and the frequency of incontinence was reduced by at least 50%. After therapy with placebo, one bitch had no episodes of incontinence for 412 days. Treatment with the GnRH-analogue significantly decreased the plasma gonadotropin levels but there was no correlation between the effect on gonadotropin levels and response to treatment. Treatment with leuprolide or placebo had no effect on urethral closure pressure regardless of the response to treatment. The hypothesis that the change of the plasma gonadotropin levels after spaying is the cause of reduced urethral closure function was not supported by the results of this study. A possible direct effect of GnRH-analogues on the bladder is discussed. Long acting GnRH analogues appear to be a well-tolerated alternative for urinary incontinence treatment, but they appear to be less effective than the alpha-adrenergics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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