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J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2006 May;61(3):P129-36.

Gender differences in the association between religious involvement and depression: the Cache County (Utah) study.

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  • 1Department of Family, Consumer and Human Development, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-4440, USA.


We examined the relation between religious involvement, membership in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, and major depression in a population-based study of aging and dementia in Cache County, Utah. Participants included 4,468 nondemented individuals between the ages of 65 and 100 years who were interviewed in person. In logistic regression models adjusting for demographic and health variables, frequent church attendance was associated with a reduced prevalence of depression in women but increased prevalence in men. Social role loss and the potential impact of organizational power differential by sex are discussed. Though causality cannot be determined here, these findings suggest that the association between religious involvement and depression may differ substantially between men and women.

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