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Haematologica. 2006 May;91(5):589-95.

Neutrophil elastase and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor mutation analyses and leukemia evolution in severe congenital neutropenia patients belonging to the original Kostmann family in northern Sweden.

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1
Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) or Kostmann syndrome was originally reported to be an autosomal recessive disease of neutrophil production causing recurrent, life-threatening infections. Mutations in the neutrophil elastase gene (ELA-2) have previously been identified in patients with sporadic or autosomal dominant SCN.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

We studied 14 individuals (four patients with SCN and ten close relatives) belonging to the original Kostmann family in northern Sweden for mutations in the ELA-2 and the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptor genes.

RESULTS:

One patient belonging to the original Kostmann family harbored a novel heterozygous ELA-2 mutation (g.2310T-->A;Leu92His) that was not inherited from her parents. The mutation was identified in DNA isolated from both whole blood and skin fibroblasts, suggesting a sporadic de novo mutation. As a young adult this patient sequentially acquired two mutations in the gene for the G-CSF receptor (G-CSFR) and therefore recently received a hematopoietic stem cell transplant, due to the risk of evolution to leukemia. Moreover, another patient developed acute leukemia and was treated with transplantation. No pathogenic ELA-2 or G-CSFR gene mutations were found in this patient or the other two patients, nor in any healthy relative.

INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS:

Our data are the first to document leukemia evolution and G-CSFR gene mutations in the original Kostmann kindred. In addition, our findings indicate that ELA-2 mutations are not the primary cause of SCN in the Swedish Kostmann family.

PMID:
16670064
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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