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Plant Physiol. 1992 May;99(1):227-34.

The Role of Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Regeneration in the Induction Requirement of Photosynthetic CO(2) Exchange under Transient Light Conditions.

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1
Department of Botany, University of California, Davis, California 95616-8537.

Abstract

The temporally variable light environment of natural plant canopies presents distinct limitations to carbon assimilation, partially as a result of the photosynthetic induction requirement that develops when leaves are shaded. This study was undertaken with soybean (Glycine max L.) leaves to further identify factors contributing to the activation state of the fast component of induction during low photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) periods. Determination of pool sizes of carbon reduction cycle intermediates at low light and upon return to saturating light indicated that different limitations to photosynthetic activity arise over the time course of a 10-minute low PPFD period. Photosynthetic activity upon reillumination was limited by the regeneration of ribulose 1,5-P(2). There was an increase in the levels of fructose 1,6-P(2), sedoheptulose 1,7-P(2), triose-P, ribose 5-P, and ribulose 5-P pools, indicating inactivation of stromal enzymes, most notably fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase, sedoheptulose 1,7-bisphosphatase, and ribulose 5-P kinase. The fast-induction component was the most important factor limiting assimilation during rapid, brief light transients, during which the decay of the slow component was minimal. This may be particularly significant for upper leaves in soybean canopies that generally experience very rapid light transients.

PMID:
16668854
PMCID:
PMC1080429
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