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Plant Physiol. 1992 May;99(1):180-5.

Further studies of the ability of xyloglucan oligosaccharides to inhibit auxin-stimulated growth.

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  • 1Complex Carbohydrate Research Center and the Department of Biochemistry, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602.


The structural features required for xyloglucan oligosaccharides to inhibit 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-stimulated elongation of pea stem segments have been investigated. A nonasaccharide (XG9) containing one fucosyl-galactosyl side chain and an undecasaccharide (XG11) containing two fucosyl-galactosyl side chains were purified from endo-beta-1,4-glucanase-treated xyloglucan, which had been isolated from soluble extracellular polysaccharides of suspension-cultured sycamore (Acerpseudoplatanus) cells and tested in the pea stem bioassay. A novel octasaccharide (XG8') was prepared by treatment of XG9 with a xyloglucan oligosaccharide-specific alpha-xylosidase from pea seedlings. XG8' was characterized and tested for its ability to inhibit auxin-induced growth. All three oligosaccharides, at a concentration of 0.1 microgram per milliliter, inhibited 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-stimulated growth of pea stem segments. XG11 inhibited the growth to a greater extent than did XG9. Chemically synthesized nona- and pentasaccharides (XG9, XG5) inhibited 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-stimulated elongation of pea stems to the same extent as the same oligosaccharides isolated from xyloglucan. A chemically synthesized structurally related heptasaccharide that lacked a fucosyl-galactosyl side chain did not, unlike the identical heptasaccharide isolated from xyloglucan, significantly inhibit 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-stimulated growth.

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