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Plant Physiol. 1991 Nov;97(3):969-76.

Effects of exogenous auxins on expression of lipoxygenases in cultured soybean embryos.

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Department of Agronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40546.


The expression of lipoxygenases (LOXs) is known to be developmentally regulated in soybeans (Glycine max. [L.] Merr.). Hormones have been firmly established as being involved in the growth and developmental processes of a number of plant species. Correlation between the expression of LOXs and the development and germination of soybean embryos suggests that plant hormones may affect the expression of LOXs. The present studies were conducted to investigate the effects of exogenous auxins on the expression of LOX isozymes and LOX activities in cultured cotyledon tissues of immature soybean seeds. The results revealed that at least one of the more acidic nonembryo LOX isozymes was induced by either alpha-naphthaleneacetic acid or indoleacetic acid but not by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid after 4 days' exposure. Levels of LOX-1, -2, and -3 proteins and activities were significantly decreased by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid 10 days after explanting. S1 analysis showed that embryo LOX messenger RNAs were detectable in the tissues treated with each of the auxins. The reduced levels of the embryo LOX proteins may, therefore, be regulated at the levels of translation, posttranslational modification, or degradation. The more acidic isozymes induced by alpha-naphthaleneacetic acid showed enzymatic activity and shared the same molecular mass and isoelectric point values as the germination-associated LOX isozymes found in hypocotyls and radicles, suggesting that those LOXs are involved in germination competency of soybean embryos.


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