Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochim Biophys Acta. 1975 May 6;389(2):345-57.

Effect of lipid alkyl chain perturbations on the assembly of bacteriophage PM2.

Abstract

The lipid-containing bacteriophage PM2 can produce infectious virus in cultures infected at temperatures up to 31.5 degrees C, but not at 34 degrees C. Its host, Pseudomonas BAL-31, grows at 34 degrees C and cultures infected at that temperature undergo lysis. Sucrose-gradient analysis shows that 34 degrees C lysates contain no PM2-like particles. Temperature-shift experiments establish that the thermally sensitive process is late in infection when virus assembly is taking place. Adamantanone, a small hydrophobic molecule that perturbs membrane hydrocarbon zones, prevents the production of infective virus. Concentrations which prevent virus production have no effect on host-cell growth or stability of mature virions. Adamantanone exerts its effects late in the infectious cycle, and lysates amde in its presence contain no PM2-like particles. These experiments, carried out at 25 degrees C, indicate that adamantanone prevents the assembly of stable PM2 virus. Spin-label studies suggest that the lipid alkyl chains of the host-cell membrane are in an "ordered" state at temperatures below about 33 degrees C and undergo a transition to a "disordered" state above that temperature. Furthermore, the addition of adamantanone perturbs the hydrocarbon zones, producing a greater degree of disorder even below 25 degrees C. Our findings suggest that the cell membrane can function and grow with the lipid alkyl chains in either the "ordered" or "disordered" state, but that the "ordered" state must be maintanined for PM2 assembly to occur.

PMID:
166676
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center