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Plant Physiol. 1989 Dec;91(4):1364-71.

CO(2) Concentrating Mechanism of C(4) Photosynthesis: Permeability of Isolated Bundle Sheath Cells to Inorganic Carbon.

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  • 1Division of Plant Industry, CSIRO, P. O. Box 1600, Canberra City 2601 ACT, Australia.

Abstract

Diffusion of inorganic carbon into isolated bundle sheath cells from a variety of C(4) species was characterized by coupling inward diffusion of CO(2) to photosynthetic carbon assimilation. The average permeability coefficient for CO(2) (P(CO(2) )) for five representatives from the three decarboxylation types was approximately 20 micromoles per minute per milligram chlorophyll per millimolar, on a leaf chlorophyll basis. The average value for the NAD-ME species Panicum miliaceum (10 determinations) was 26 with a standard deviation of 6 micromoles per minute per milligram chlorophyll per millimolar, on a leaf chlorophyll basis. A P(CO(2) ) of at least 500 micromoles per minute per milligram chlorophyll per millimolar was determined for cells isolated from the C(3) plant Xanthium strumarium. It is concluded that bundle sheath cells are one to two orders of magnitude less permeable to CO(2) than C(3) photosynthetic cells. These data also suggest that CO(2) diffusion in bundle sheath cells may be made up of two components, one involving an apoplastic path and the other a symplastic (plasmodesmatal) path, each contributing approximately equally.

PMID:
16667187
PMCID:
PMC1062192
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