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Plant Physiol. 1989 May;90(1):151-6.

Iron-Stress Induced Redox Activity in Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) Is Localized on the Plasma Membrane.

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1
Plant Photobiology Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland 20705.

Abstract

Tomato plants (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) were grown for 21-days in a complete hydroponic nutrient solution including Fe(3+)-ethylenediamine-di(o-hydroxyphenylacetate) and subsequently switched to nutrient solution withholding Fe for 8 days to induce Fe stress. The roots of Fe-stressed plants reduced chelated Fe at rates sevenfold higher than roots of plants grown under Fe-sufficient conditions. The response in intact Fe-deficient roots was localized to root hairs, which developed on secondary roots during the period of Fe stress. Plasma membranes (PM) isolated by aqueous two-phase partitioning from tomato roots grown under Fe stress exhibited a 94% increase in rates of NADH-dependent Fe(3+)-citrate reduction compared to PM isolated from roots of Fe-sufficient plants. Optimal detection of the reductase activity required the presence of detergent indicating structural latency. In contrast, NADPH-dependent Fe(3+)-citrate reduction was not significantly different in root PM isolated from Fe-deficient versus Fe-sufficient plants and proceeded at substantially lower rates than NADH-dependent reduction. Mg(2+)-ATPase activity was increased 22% in PM from roots of Fe-deficient plants compared to PM isolated from roots of Fe-sufficient plants. The results localized the increase in Fe reductase activity in roots grown under Fe stress to the PM.

PMID:
16666726
PMCID:
PMC1061690
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