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Plant Physiol. 1987 Oct;85(2):413-8.

Properties of Single K and Cl Channels in Asclepias tuberosa Protoplasts.

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Department of Biology, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana 46223.


Potassium and chloride channels were characterized in Asclepias tuberosa suspension cell derived protoplasts by patch voltage-clamp. Whole-cell currents and single channels in excised patches had linear instantaneous current-voltage relations, reversing at the Nernst potentials for K(+) and Cl(-), respectively. Whole cell K(+) currents activated exponentially during step depolarizations, while voltage-dependent Cl(-) channels were activated by hyperpolarizations. Single K(+) channel conductance was 40 +/- 5 pS with a mean open time of 4.5 milliseconds at 100 millivolts. Potassium channels were blocked by Cs(+) and tetraethylammonium, but were insensitive to 4-aminopyridine. Chloride channels had a single-channel conductance of 100 +/- 17 picosiemens, mean open time of 8.8 milliseconds, and were blocked by Zn(2+) and ethacrynic acid. Whole-cell Cl(-) currents were inhibited by abscisic acid, and were unaffected by indole-3-acetic acid and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Since internal and external composition can be controlled, patch-clamped protoplasts are ideal systems for studying the role of ion channels in plant physiology and development.

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