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Plant Physiol. 1985 Feb;77(2):499-502.

C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Mannitol Cycle and Trehalose Synthesis during Glucose Utilization by the Ectomycorrhizal Ascomycete Cenococcum graniforme.

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Laboratoire de Microbiologie Forestière, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre de Recherces Forestières, Champenoux-54280 Seichamps, France.


(13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to follow the utilization of glucose for the synthesis of carbohydrates in the ectomycorrhizal ascomycete Cenococcum graniforme. The fate of (13)C label was analyzed in vivo and in mycelial extracts. The major carbohydrates produced from [1-(13)C]glucose and [6-(13)C]glucose were mannitol and trehalose. Mannitol was mainly synthesized via a direct route from glucose. Scrambling of the (13)C label was observed to occur in trehalose during glycolysis. From the analysis of the scrambling patterns, it is concluded that the mannitol cycle was operative and that a large part of the carbon of glucose was used to form trehalose after cycling through the mannitol pool. The activities of NAD-mannitol-l-P dehydrogenase (EC and NADP-mannitol dehydrogenase (EC, which participate in the mannitol cycle relative to the activity of glycolytic enzymes, provide evidence that the cycle is important for NADPH production.

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