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Plant Physiol. 1985 Jan;77(1):59-63.

Crassulacean Acid Metabolism and Crassulacean Acid Metabolism Modifications in Peperomia camptotricha.

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Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, California 92521-0124.


Peperomia camptotricha, a tropical epiphyte from Mexico, shows variable forms of Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM). Young leaves exhibit CAM-cycling, while mature leaves show an intermediate type of metabolism, between CAM and CAM-cycling, having approximately the same amount of nighttime gas exchange as daytime. Metabolism of young leaves appears independent of daylength, but mature leaves have a tendency toward more CAM-like metabolism under short days (8 hours). Large differences in the physical appearance of plants were found between those grown under short daylengths and those grown under long daylengths (14 hours). Some anatomical differences were also detected in the leaves. Water stress caused a switch to CAM in young and mature leaves, and as water stress increased, they shifted to CAM-idling.


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