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Plant Physiol. 1984 Nov;76(3):615-21.

Effect of water stress on the chloroplast antioxidant system: I. Alterations in glutathione reductase activity.

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  • 1USDA Plant Stress and Water Conservation Research Unit, P. O. Box 4170, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409.


The effect of water stress on glutathione reductase and catalase activities was evaluated in leaf blades of field-grown winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Wheat was sown at two seeding rates under both irrigated and dryland conditions. Flag leaves from dryland plants sown at 60 kilograms/hectare showed no change in either glutathione reductase or catalase activities per unit leaf area, while leaves from the basal portion of the canopy exhibited a 273% increase in glutathione reductase activity and a 60% increase in catalase activity. Glutathione reductase activity in dryland plants sown at 120 kilograms/hectare increased 25% in flag leaves and 225% in basal leaves. No change in catalase activity was observed in either flag or basal leaves from these same plants. The increase in glutathione reductase activity in response to water stress was observed when activity was expressed on either a per unit leaf area, protein, or chlorophyll basis. No change in catalase activity was detected when enzyme activity was expressed on a protein basis.

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