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Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 1991;20(4):301-15.

Myosin IB null mutants of Dictyostelium exhibit abnormalities in motility.

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Department of Biology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242.


Cellular and intracellular motility are compared between normal Dictyostelium amoebae and amoebae lacking myosin IB (DMIB-). DMIB- cells generate elongated cell shapes, form particulate-free pseudopodia filled with F-actin, and exhibit an anterior bias in pseudopod extension in a fashion similar to normal amoebae. DMIB- cells also exhibit a normal response to the addition of the chemoattractant cAMP, including a depression in cellular and intracellular particle velocity, depolymerization of F-actin in pseudopodia, and a concomitant increase in cortical F-actin. DMIB- cells do, however, form lateral pseudopodia roughly three times as frequently as normal cells, turn more often, and exhibit depressed average instantaneous cell velocity. DMIB- cells also exhibit a decrease in the average instantaneous velocity of intracellular particle movement and an increase in the degree of randomness in particle direction. These findings indicate that if there is functional substitution for myosin IB by other myosin I isoforms, it is at best only partial, with myosin IB being necessary for maintenance of the normal rate and persistence of cellular translocation, suppression of lateral pseudopod formation and subsequent turning, rapid intracellular particle motility, and the normal anterograde bias of intracellular particle movement. Furthermore, it is likely that the behavioral abnormalities observed here for DMIB- cells underlie the delay in the onset of chemotactic aggregation, the increase in the time required to complete streaming, and the abnormalities in morphogenesis exhibited by DMIB- cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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