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Plant Physiol. 1983 Aug;72(4):911-4.

Characterization of Solute Efflux from Dehydration Injured Soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) Seeds.

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Department of Crop Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 Canada.


Soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) seeds lose their tolerance of dehydration between 6 and 36 hours of imbibition. Soybean axes and cotyledons were excised 6 hours (tolerant of dehydration) and 36 hours (susceptible) after commencing imbibition and subsequently dehydrated to 10% moisture. Kinetics of the efflux of potassium, phosphate, amino acid, sugar, protein, and total electrolytes were compared in the four treatments during rehydration. Only slight differences were observed in the kinetics of solute efflux between the two cotyledon treatments dehydrated at 6 and 36 hours suggesting that the cotyledons may retain their tolerance of dehydration at this stage of germination. Several symptoms of injury were observed in the axes dehydrated at 36 hours. An increase in the initial leakage of solutes during rehydration, as quantified by the y-intercept of the linear regression line for solute efflux between 2 and 8 hours suggests an increased incidence of cell rupture. An increase in the rate of solute efflux (slope of regression line between 2 and 8 hours) from fully rehydrated axes was observed in comparison to axes dehydrated at 6 hours. The Arrhenius activation energy for potassium, phosphate, and amino acid efflux decreased and for protein remained unchanged. Both observations indicate an increase in membrane permeability in dehydration-injured tissue. Increasing the H(+) concentration of the external solution increased K(+) efflux from both control and dehydrated/rehydrated samples, increased sugar efflux from axes at 6 hours imbibition but decreased sugar efflux from axes at 36 hours imbibition, indicating changes in membrane properties during germination. The dehydration treatment did not alter the pattern of the pH response of axes dehydrated at 6 or 36 hours but did increase the quantity of potassium and sugar efflux from dehydration injured axes. These results are interpreted as indicating that dehydration of soybean axes at 36 hours of imbibition increased both the incidence of cell rupture during rehydration and altered membrane permeability of the rehydrated tissue.

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