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Plant Physiol. 1982 Jan;69(1):58-62.

Hydrolysis of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate Carboxylase by Endoproteinases from Senescing Barley Leaves.

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  • 1Plant Growth Laboratory and the Department of Agronomy & Range Science, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616.


The hydrolysis of (14)C-labeled ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (RuBPCase) by two partially purified endoproteinases from senescing barley (Hordeum vulgare v. Numar) leaves is described. The major thiol proteinase, EP(1), exhibits biphasic kinetics which appear to be caused by a region of the large subunit of RuBPCase that is highly sensitive to attack by EP(1). This proteinase further hydrolyzes both the large and small subunit to smaller peptides. A second proteinase, EP(2), appears to convert the small subunit of RuBPCase rapidly to a 13.7-kilodalton fragment during initial stages of hydrolysis and then to degrade both this fragment and the large subunit. The presence of a third endoproteinase, EP(3), was discovered when [(14)C]RuBPCase, which appeared to be homogeneous by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide electrophoresis, seemed to undergo very low but significant rates of "autolysis." The large molecular weight fragments produced by EP(3) were different from those of EP(1) and EP(2).

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