Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Physiol. 1980 Nov;66(5):884-9.

Alkali Cation/Sucrose Co-transport in the Root Sink of Sugar Beet.

Author information

Crops Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research, United States Department of Agriculture, Science and Education Administration, Logan, Utah 84322.


The mechanism of sucrose transport into the vacuole of root parenchyma cells of sugar beet was investigated using discs of intact tissue. Active sucrose uptake was evident only at the tonoplast. Sucrose caused a transient 8.3 millivolts depolarization of the membrane potential, suggesting an ion co-transport mechanism. Sucrose also stimulated net proton efflux. Active (net) uptake of sucrose was strongly affected by factors that influence the alkali cation and proton gradients across biological membranes. Alkali cations (Na(+) and K(+)) at 95 millimolar activity stimulated active uptake of sucrose 2.1- to 4-fold, whereas membrane-permeating anions inhibited active sucrose uptake. The pH optima for uptake was between 6.5 and 7.0, pH values slightly higher than those of the vacuole. The ionophores valinomycin, gramicidin D, and carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone at 10 micromolar concentrations strongly inhibited active sucrose uptake. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that an alkali cation influx/proton efflux reaction is coupled to the active uptake of sucrose into the vacuole of parenchyma cells in the root sink of sugar beets.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center