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Plant Physiol. 1978 Jun;61(6):967-74.

Physical and Kinetic Properties of the Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide-specific Glutamate Dehydrogenase Purified from Chlorella sorokiniana.

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Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061.


The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-specific glutamate dehydrogenase (l-glutamate:NAD(+) oxidoreductase, EC of Chlorella sorokiniana was purified 1,000-fold to electrophoretic homogeneity. The native enzyme was shown to have a molecular weight of 180,000 and to be composed of four identical subunits with a molecular weight of 45,000. The N-terminal amino acid was determined to be lysine. The pH optima for the aminating and deaminating reactions were approximately 8 and 9, respectively. The K(m) values for alpha-ketoglutarate, NADH, NH(4) (+), NAD(+), and l-glutamate were 2 mm, 0.15 mm, 40 mm, 0.15 mm, and 60 mm, respectively. Whereas the K(m) for alpha-ketoglutarate and l-glutamate increased 10-fold, 1 pH unit above or below the pH optima for the aminating or deaminating reactions, respectively, the K(m) values for NADH and NAD(+) were independent of change in pH from 7 to 9.6. By initial velocity, product inhibition, and equilibrium substrate exchange studies, the kinetic mechanism of enzyme was shown to be consistent with a bi uni uni uni ping-pong addition sequence. Although this kinetic mechanism differs from that reported for any other glutamate dehydrogenase, the chemical mechanism still appears to involve the formation of a Schiff base between alpha-ketoglutarate and an epsilon-amino group of a lysine residue in the enzyme. The physical, chemical, and kinetic properties of this enzyme differ greatly from those reported for the NH(4) (+)-inducible glutamate dehydrogenase in this organism.

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