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Plant Physiol. 1992 Sep;100(1):210-5.

Carbon Partitioning in a Flaveria linearis Mutant with Reduced Cytosolic Fructose Bisphosphatase.

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1
Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706.

Abstract

Oxygen sensitivity and partitioning of carbon was measured in a mutant line of Flaveria linearis that lacks most of the cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase found in wild-type lines. Photosynthesis of leaves of the mutant line was nearly insensitive to O(2), as found before. The mutant plants partitioned 2.5 times less carbon into sucrose than the wild type in a pulse chase experiment, with the extra carbon going mainly to starch but also to amino acids. From 10 to 50 min postlabeling, radioactivity chased out of the amino acid fraction to starch in both lines. In the middle of the light period, starch grains were larger in the mutant than in the wild type and covered 30% of the chloroplast area as seen with an electron microscope. Starch grains were found in both mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts in both lines in these C(3)-C(4) intermediate plants. At the end of the dark period, the starch levels were considerably reduced from what they were in the middle of the light in both lines. The concentration of sucrose was higher in the mutant line despite the lack of cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. The amino acid fraction accounted for about 30% of all label following a 10-min chase period. In the mutant line, most of the label was in the glycine + serine fraction, with 10% in the alanine fraction. In wild-type leaves, 35% of the label in amino acids was in alanine. These results indicate that this mutant survives the reduced cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase activity by partitioning more carbon to starch and less to sucrose during the day and remobilizing the excess starch at night. However, these results raise two other questions about this mutant. First, why is the sucrose concentration high in a plant that partitions less carbon to sucrose, and second, why is alanine heavily labeled in the wild-type plants but not in the mutant plants?

PMID:
16652948
PMCID:
PMC1075539
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