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Med Princ Pract. 2006;15(3):200-8.

Seasonal and temporal variations in the population and biting habit of mosquitoes on the Atlantic coast of Lagos, Nigeria.

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Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba.



To determine the hourly density of vector mosquitoes in coastal Nigeria, compare seasonal human-biting and sporozoite rates in the vector density, locate breeding sites of mosquitoes, and determine larval population at breeding sites.


Indoor and outdoor mosquitoes of a coastal Nigerian community were caught during early and late wet seasons and in the harmattan period, a time of dusty wind from the Sahara on the western coast of Africa. Larvae were collected from various locations during the study period. The mosquitoes were physically characterized and their salivary glands dissected for sporozoite rate. Larvae density was calculated. Human-biting rate was calculated for Anopheles gambiae complex.


Of the 4,317 female A. gambiae complex collected during the night bait catches, 3,543 (82.1%) were from outdoors and 774 (17.9%) from indoors during the three seasons. The maximum human-biting rate approached 25/h and the sporozoite rate was almost 3.0%. These vector mosquitoes were mainly outdoor biting and midnight feeding. Of the 1,269 Anopheles mosquitoes collected with pyrethrum spray catches, 1,245 (98.1%) were A. gambiae complex. There was no significant difference in the entomological inoculation or sporozoite rates during the three seasons of study. There was a preponderance of A. gambiae complex larvae from larval collection.


Findings from this study should be useful in the implementation of Integrated Vector Management for the control of malaria in coastal and noncoastal areas of Nigeria.

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