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Respir Med. 2006 Dec;100(12):2177-82. Epub 2006 May 2.

Genetic and environmental contributions to hay fever among young adult twins.

Author information

1
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, DK-2400 Copenhagen NV, and The Danish Twin Registry, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. sft@city.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The susceptibility to develop hay fever is putatively the result both of genetic and environmental causes. We estimated the significance and magnitude of genetic and environmental contributions to hay fever among young adult twins.

METHODS:

From the birth cohorts 1953-82 of The Danish Twin Registry 11,750 twin pairs were identified through a nationwide questionnaire survey. Subjects were regarded hay fever cases when responding affirmatively to the question 'Do you have, or have you ever had hay fever?' Latent factor models of genetic and environmental effects were fitted to the observed data using maximum likelihood methods.

RESULTS:

The overall cumulative prevalence of hay fever was 12.6%. Identical twins were significantly more likely to be concordant for hay fever than were fraternal twins (P<0.001). Additive genetic effects accounted for 71% and non-shared environmental effects accounted for 29% of the individual susceptibility to hay fever. The same genes contributed to the susceptibility to hay fever both in males and in females. In families with asthma, the susceptibility to develop hay fever was, in addition to genes, to a great extent ascribable to family environment, whereas the aetiology of 'sporadic' hay fever was mainly genetic.

CONCLUSIONS:

The susceptibility to develop hay fever is attributable to major genetic influences. However, effects of family environment and upbringing are also of importance in families where asthma is present. These results indicate that different sub-forms of hay fever may have different aetiologies.

PMID:
16650971
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmed.2006.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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