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Neurosci Res. 1991 Nov;12(3):421-31.

The ontogeny of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) producing neurons in the chick embryo: possible evidence for migrating LHRH neurons from the olfactory epithelium expressing a highly polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule.

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Department of Anatomy, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


The development of neurons expressing luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) has been studied immunohistochemically in the chick embryo from the 3.5 embryonic day (ED) to the day of hatching. At ED-3.5, LHRH-immunoreactive neurons were first detected in the medial epithelium of the olfactory pit, but their appearance in the brain was delayed to ED-4.5. On EDs-6-7, cords of the LHRH-immunoreactive cells extended across the nasal septum towards the ventromedial forebrain with the olfactory nerve. By double staining for LHRH and, a highly polysialylated form of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM-H), the LHRH-positive neurons in the olfactory-forebrain system were found strongly NCAM-H-positive. At ED-8, a marked decrease in the number of LHRH-positive cells in the olfactory epithelium and a concomitant increase in the LHRH-positive cells in the forebrain area were noted. From ED-11 to the day of hatching, the majority of LHRH-positive neurons tended to move into their usual adult position, whereas the LHRH-positive cells had almost disappeared in the olfactory epithelium. No LHRH-immunoreactive neurons were found strongly positive to NCAM-H. These results suggest that LHRH neurons originate from the olfactory placode, then as they develop they migrate across the nasal septum and enter the forebrain with the olfactory nerve. The close association of NCAM-H with the developing LHRH neurons raises the possibility that NCAM-H plays some role in guiding the migrating LHRH neurons from the olfactory epithelium to the forebrain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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