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J Atten Disord. 2006 May;9(4):607-19.

Decision making in children with ADHD only, ADHD-anxious/depressed, and control children using a child version of the Iowa Gambling Task.

Author information

1
Autism Research Centre, Dalhousie University, Nova, Canada. nancy.garon@iwk.nshealth.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The goal of this study is to investigate decision making in children with ADHD using a child version of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). The effect of internalizing symptoms is also of interest.

METHOD:

Twenty-one children with ADHD (high anxiety/depression and no anxiety/depression) are compared to an age- and sex-matched control group on the gambling task. Children in the ADHD-alone group demonstrate impaired performance on the IGT. In contrast, children in the control group and the ADHD-anxiety/depression group learn to choose more from the advantageous decks over time.

RESULTS:

These findings of impaired decision making in children with ADHD parallel findings of real-life decision-making problems in this population.

CONCLUSION:

Furthermore, the findings suggest that having a high number of internalizing symptoms leads to better performance for children with ADHD on this variant of the IGT.

PMID:
16648228
DOI:
10.1177/1087054705284501
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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