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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Apr;1761(4):474-83. Epub 2006 Apr 7.

Intracellular localization and tissue-specific distribution of human and yeast DHHC cysteine-rich domain-containing proteins.

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Department of Biomembrane and Biofunctional Chemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita 12-jo, Nishi 6-choume, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan.


Increasing evidence indicates that DHHC cysteine-rich domain-containing proteins (DHHC proteins) are protein acyltransferases. Although multiple DHHC proteins are found in eukaryotes, characterization has been examined for only a few. Here, we have cloned all the yeast and human DHHC genes and investigated their intracellular localization and tissue-specific expression. Most DHHC proteins are localized in the ER and/or Golgi, with a few localized in the plasma membrane and one in the yeast vacuole. Human DHHC mRNAs also differ in their tissue-specific expression. These results may provide clues to aid in discovering the specific function(s) of each DHHC protein.

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