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Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2006 May;79(3-4):206-17. Epub 2006 Mar 3.

PGE(2) receptors and their intracellular mechanisms in rabbit small intestine.

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Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Miguel Servet 177, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain.


The effects of PGE(2) on longitudinal smooth muscle, the intracellular mechanisms involved, and the localization of EP receptors were investigated in rabbit small intestine. PGE(2) evoked contractions in small intestine that were reduced by tetrodotoxin and hexamethonium. 17-Phenyl trinor PGE(2), sulprostone, misoprostol and 16,16-dimethyl PGE(2) evoked contractions. Butaprost did not modify spontaneous motility. AH 6809 reduced PGE(2) and 17-phenyl trinor PGE(2)-induced contractions. Verapamil, Ca(2+) free medium, staurosporine, forskolin, theophylline, and rolipram diminished, while IP-20 and H-89 increased PGE(2)-induced contractions. Western blot analysis showed protein bands of 41kDa for EP(1), 71kDa for EP(2) and 62kDa for EP(3) receptors. EP(1), EP(2) and EP(3) receptors were detected in neurons of the myenteric and submucosal ganglia, but only EP(3) receptors were found in smooth muscle layers. This study did not detect EP(4) receptor. PGE(2)-induced contractions would be mediated through EP(1) and EP(3) receptors, and voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels, protein kinase C, and cAMP would be implicated in these responses.

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