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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2006 May;74(5):283-93. Epub 2006 May 2.

Differential modulation of cell cycle, apoptosis and PPARgamma2 gene expression by PPARgamma agonists ciglitazone and 9-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid in monocytic cells.

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  • 1School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Fremantle and Royal Perth Hospitals, Australia.


We sought to compare the effects of the thiazolidinedione ciglitazone with the endogenous fatty acid PPARgamma agonists 9- and 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (9- and 13-HODE), in U937 monocytic cells. Ciglitazone and 9-HODE inhibited cell proliferation and all three agonists increased cellular content of C18:0 fatty acids. Ciglitazone and 13-HODE resulted in an increased percentage of cells in S phase and ciglitazone reduced the percentage of cells in G2/M phase of cell cycle, whilst 9-HODE increased the percentage of cells in G0/1 and reduced the fraction in S and G2/M phases. 9-HODE selectively induced apoptosis in U937 cells, and increased PPARgamma2 gene expression. Induction of apoptosis by 9-HODE was not abrogated by the presence of the PPARgamma antagonist GW9662. Synthetic (TZD) and endogenous fatty acid ligands for PPARgamma, ciglitazone and 9- and 13-HODE, possess differential, ligand specific actions in monocytic cells to regulate cell cycle progression, apoptosis and PPARgamma2 gene expression.

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