Send to

Choose Destination
J Invest Dermatol. 2006 Aug;126(8):1850-9. Epub 2006 Apr 27.

Re-expression of the retinoblastoma-binding protein 2-homolog 1 reveals tumor-suppressive functions in highly metastatic melanoma cells.

Author information

Department of Dermatology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.


The loss of cell cycle control in malignant melanomas is thought to be due to a lack of retinoblastoma protein (pRb) activity. We have recently reported a progressive deficiency of the retinoblastoma-binding protein 2-homolog 1 (RBP2-H1) in advanced and metastatic melanomas in vivo, suggesting a role of RBP2-H1 in loss of pRb-mediated control. Therefore, in this study, we re-established the pRb-modulating function of RBP2-H1 in highly metastatic A375-SM melanoma cells by re-expressing its C-term (cRBP2-H1). As previously shown, the corresponding domains comprise the pRb-binding region of the RBP2-H1 protein (non-T/E1A-pRb-binding domain (NTE1A)). As a result, we detected pRb-hypophosphorylation selectively at Ser795, but not at Ser780 and Ser807/811 throughout the G1 phase of the cell cycle. As a further consequence, a block in G1/S transition was observed accompanied by a significant decrease of DNA replication and cellular proliferation. As demonstrated by cDNA microarrays of cRBP2-H1-transduced cells and confirmed by quantitative TaqMan reverse transcriptase-PCR, differential expression of melanoma-progression-related genes was observed, among them bone morphogenetic protein 2, follistatin, transforming growth factor alpha, hepatocyte growth factor, transcription factor 4 and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor. Conclusively, these data suggest that RBP2-H1 exerts a broad tumor-suppressive function partially mediated by pRb modulation. Therefore, re-establishing of RBP2-H1 could evolve as an interesting novel approach in developing experimental treatments for metastatic melanomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center