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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006 Aug;101(2):454-9. Epub 2006 Apr 27.

Plethysmographic estimation of thoracic gas volume in apneic mice.

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1
Dept. of Medical Informatics, Univ. of Szeged, Korányi fasor 9, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary.

Abstract

Electrical stimulation of intercostal muscles was employed to measure thoracic gas volume (TGV) during airway occlusion in the absence of respiratory effort at different levels of lung inflation. In 15 tracheostomized and mechanically ventilated CBA/Ca mice, the value of TGV obtained from the spontaneous breathing effort available in the early phase of the experiments (TGVsp) was compared with those resulting from muscle stimulation (TGVst) at transrespiratory pressures of 0, 10, and 20 cmH2O. A very strong correlation (r2= 0.97) was found, although with a systematically (approximately 16%) higher estimation of TGVst relative to TGVsp, attributable to the different durations of the stimulated (approximately 50 ms) and spontaneous (approximately 200 ms) contractions. Measurements of TGVst before and after injections of 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 ml of nitrogen into the lungs in six mice resulted in good agreement between the change in TGVst and the injected volume (r2= 0.98). In four mice, TGVsp and TGVst were compared at end expiration with air or a helium-oxygen mixture to confirm the validity of isothermal compression in the alveolar gas. The TGVst values measured at zero transrespiratory pressure in all CBA/Ca mice [0.29 +/- 0.05 (SD) ml] and in C57BL/6 (N = 6; 0.34 +/- 0.08 ml) and BALB/c (N = 6; 0.28 +/- 0.06 ml) mice were in agreement with functional residual capacity values from previous studies in which different techniques were used. This method is particularly useful when TGV is to be determined in the absence of breathing activity, when it must be known at any level of lung inflation or under non-steady-state conditions, such as during pharmaceutical interventions.

PMID:
16645196
DOI:
10.1152/japplphysiol.00011.2006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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