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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006 May;88(5):614-9.

Outcome of osteochondral autograft transplantation for type-V cystic osteochondral lesions of the talus.

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University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.


The treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus has evolved with the development of improved imaging and arthroscopic techniques. However, the outcome of treatment for large cystic type-V lesions is poor, using conventional grafting, debridement or microfracture techniques. This retrospective study examined the outcomes of 50 patients with a cystic talar defect who were treated with arthroscopically harvested, cored osteochondral graft taken from the ipsilateral knee. Of the 50 patients, 45 (90%) had a mean good to excellent score of 80.3 (52 to 90) in the Karlsson-Peterson Ankle Score, at a mean follow-up of 36 months (24 to 83). A malleolar osteotomy for exposure was needed in 26 patients and there were no malleolar mal- or nonunions. One patient had symptoms at the donor site three months after surgery; these resolved after arthroscopic release of scar tissue. This technique is demanding with or without a malleolar osteotomy, but if properly performed has a high likelihood of success.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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