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Haemophilia. 2006 May;12(3):228-36.

Hepatotoxicity of antiretroviral drugs in HIV HCV patients with congenital coagulopathies followed at an Haemophilia Unit during a decade.

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  • 1Blood Bank (CTBT), Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Spain.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the incidence and the cumulative probability of cytolytic and cholestatic hepatotoxicity during antiretroviral treatment in a group of HIV HCV haemophiliacs. We evaluated 47 patients that received 246 courses of antiretroviral treatment [98 courses of pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (pre-HAART) and 148 HAART treatments]. Liver function tests were assessed at baseline of each treatment, after 1 month and at least every 4 months thereafter. Cytolytic and cholestatic hepatotoxicity was recorded. Of the 246 treatments, 28 (12.45%) were followed by cytolytic hepatotoxicity and 32 (13%) by cholestatic hepatotoxicity. Cytolytic hepatotoxicity was similar in HAART (16/148; 10.8%) and in pre-HAART treatment (12/98; 12.2%) and cholestatic hepatotoxicity was more frequent in HAART (29/148; 19.6%) than in pre-HAART treatment (3/98; 3.1%) (P < 0.001). The actuarial probability of developing cytolytic and cholestatic hepatotoxicity at 10 years of onset of antiretroviral treatments was 39% and 56%, respectively. Most enzyme elevations were asymptomatic, but in eight cases therapy was discontinued or changed and in one case a cirrhotic patient died of progressive liver failure. In HIV HCV haemophiliacs, the cumulative probability of developing hepatotoxicity during follow-up is high and although in the most cases the toxicity is mild, fatal cases can occur.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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