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Nucleic Acids Res. 2006 Apr 26;34(7):2137-50. Print 2006.

Prediction of yeast protein-protein interaction network: insights from the Gene Ontology and annotations.

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  • 1MOE Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering and College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.


A map of protein-protein interactions provides valuable insight into the cellular function and machinery of a proteome. By measuring the similarity between two Gene Ontology (GO) terms with a relative specificity semantic relation, here, we proposed a new method of reconstructing a yeast protein-protein interaction map that is solely based on the GO annotations. The method was validated using high-quality interaction datasets for its effectiveness. Based on a Z-score analysis, a positive dataset and a negative dataset for protein-protein interactions were derived. Moreover, a gold standard positive (GSP) dataset with the highest level of confidence that covered 78% of the high-quality interaction dataset and a gold standard negative (GSN) dataset with the lowest level of confidence were derived. In addition, we assessed four high-throughput experimental interaction datasets using the positives and the negatives as well as GSPs and GSNs. Our predicted network reconstructed from GSPs consists of 40,753 interactions among 2259 proteins, and forms 16 connected components. We mapped all of the MIPS complexes except for homodimers onto the predicted network. As a result, approximately 35% of complexes were identified interconnected. For seven complexes, we also identified some nonmember proteins that may be functionally related to the complexes concerned. This analysis is expected to provide a new approach for predicting the protein-protein interaction maps from other completely sequenced genomes with high-quality GO-based annotations.

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