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J Phys Chem B. 2006 May 4;110(17):8689-700.

In situ transient FTIR and XANES studies of the evolution of surface species in CO oxidation on Au/TiO2.

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Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3120, USA.


The adsorption of CO and its reaction with oxygen were investigated using a combination of in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, step response measurements in a microreactor, (18)O isotopic labeling, and X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy. An as-prepared sample in which Au is present as a surface oxyhydroxy complex does not adsorb CO. On an activated sample in which only metallic Au is detected, 0.18 +/- 0.03 mol CO/(mol Au) are adsorbed on Au at -60 degrees C, which shows an IR band at 2090 cm(-1). When oxygen is present in the gas phase, this species reacts with a turnover rate of 1.4 +/- 0.2 mol CO(mol Au min)(-1), which is close to the steady-state turnover rate. In contrast, there is a very small quantity of adsorbed oxygen on Au. A small IR peak at 1242 cm(-1) appears when an activated sample is exposed to CO. It reacts rapidly with oxygen and is shifted to 1236 cm(-1) if (18)O is used. It is assigned to the possible intermediate hydroxycarbonyl.

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