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J Med Chem. 2006 May 4;49(9):2784-93.

Discovery of a piperidine-4-carboxamide CCR5 antagonist (TAK-220) with highly potent Anti-HIV-1 activity.

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Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 532-8686, Japan.


We incorporated various polar groups into previously described piperidine-4-carboxamide CCR5 antagonists to improve their metabolic stability in human hepatic microsomes. Introducing a carbamoyl group into the phenyl ring of the 4-benzylpiperidine moiety afforded the less lipophilic compound 5f, which possessed both high metabolic stability and good inhibitory activity of HIV-1 envelope-mediated membrane fusion (IC(50) = 5.8 nM). Further optimization to increase potency led to the discovery of 1-acetyl-N-{3-[4-(4-carbamoylbenzyl)piperidin-1-yl]propyl}-N-(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide (5m, TAK-220), which showed high CCR5 binding affinity (IC(50) = 3.5 nM) and potent inhibition of membrane fusion (IC(50) = 0.42 nM), as well as good metabolic stability. Compound 5m strongly inhibited the replication of CCR5-using HIV-1 clinical isolates in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (mean EC(50) = 1.1 nM, EC(90) = 13 nM) and exhibited a good pharmacokinetic profile in monkeys (BA = 29%). This compound has been chosen as a clinical candidate for further development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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