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Pediatr Neurol. 2006 Apr;34(4):253-63.

Epilepsy syndromes in infancy.

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Epilepsy Center, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois 60614-3394, USA.


An increasing number of infantile epilepsy syndromes have been recognized. However, a significant number of infants (children aged 1-24 months) do not fit in any of the currently used subcategories. This article reviews the clinical presentation, electroencephalographic findings, evolution, and management of the following entities: early infantile epileptic encephalopathy, early myoclonic epilepsy, infantile spasms/West syndrome, severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy, myoclonic-astatic epilepsy, generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus, malignant migrating partial seizures of infancy, hemiconvulsions-hemiplegia-epilepsy, benign myoclonic epilepsy, and benign familial/nonfamilial infantile seizures. Issues related to their classification are addressed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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