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J Am Chem Soc. 2006 May 3;128(17):5913-22.

Uncovering quantitative protein interaction networks for mouse PDZ domains using protein microarrays.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, 12 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.

Abstract

One of the principal challenges in systems biology is to uncover the networks of protein-protein interactions that underlie most biological processes. To date, experimental efforts directed at this problem have largely produced only qualitative networks that are replete with false positives and false negatives. Here, we describe a domain-centered approach--compatible with genome-wide investigations--that enables us to measure the equilibrium dissociation constant (K(D)) of recombinant PDZ domains for fluorescently labeled peptides that represent physiologically relevant binding partners. Using a pilot set of 22 PDZ domains, 4 PDZ domain clusters, and 20 peptides, we define a gold standard dataset by determining the K(D) for all 520 PDZ-peptide combinations using fluorescence polarization. We then show that microarrays of PDZ domains identify interactions of moderate to high affinity (K(D) < or = 10 microM) in a high-throughput format with a false positive rate of 14% and a false negative rate of 14%. By combining the throughput of protein microarrays with the fidelity of fluorescence polarization, our domain/peptide-based strategy yields a quantitative network that faithfully recapitulates 85% of previously reported interactions and uncovers new biophysical interactions, many of which occur between proteins that are co-expressed. From a broader perspective, the selectivity data produced by this effort reveal a strong concordance between protein sequence and protein function, supporting a model in which interaction networks evolve through small steps that do not involve dramatic rewiring of the network.

PMID:
16637659
PMCID:
PMC2533859
DOI:
10.1021/ja060943h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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