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J Clin Oncol. 2006 Jun 1;24(16):2472-9. Epub 2006 Apr 24.

Marker expression in peripheral T-cell lymphoma: a proposed clinical-pathologic prognostic score.

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1
Institute of Hematology and Clinical Oncology L. and A. Seràgnoli, Hematology and Hematopathology Units, St Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Although peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified (PTCL/U), is the most common T-cell tumor in Western countries, no study to date has been based on the application of a wide panel of markers to a large series of patients and assessed the impact of phenotype on survival. We evaluated the expression of 19 markers in 148 PTCLs/U and 45 PTCLs of the angioimmunoblastic type (AILD).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The analysis was performed on tissue microarrays by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Clinical data were available in 93 PTCL/U patients, most of whom had been included in a previous study proposing a prognostic index (PIT).

RESULTS:

An aberrant phenotype with frequent loss of CD5 and/or CD7 was typical for PTCLs, irrespective of whether they were U or AILD. Aberrantly expressed proteins rarely included CD20, CD15, and CD30. Positivity for Epstein-Barr virus-associated small RNAs and CD15 expression emerged as adverse prognostic factors. Among PTCLs/U, the proliferation-associated protein Ki-67 turned out to be prognostically relevant and was integrated in a new predictive score, incorporating age (> 60 years), high lactate dehydrogenase, poor performance status, and Ki-67 > or = 80%. This score was associated with the patient outcome (P < .0001) and was found to be more robust than PIT (P = .0043) in the present series.

CONCLUSION:

Our retrospective analysis shows a wide range of protein expression in PTCLs and proposes a new prognostic index. The latter represents one of the first examples of mixed score (including patient- and tumor-specific factors) applied to malignant lymphomas and may be the basis for future prospective therapeutic trials.

PMID:
16636342
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2005.03.6327
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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